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Search for your ancestors in free Naturalization Records in U.S.A. and Canada. Find Declarations of Intent, First Papers, Alien Registrations, Passport Applications, Naturalization Petitions and Citizenship Certificates. Search substitute naturalization records - ships passenger lists, census records, oaths of allegiance, voters registration lists and more!
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CANADIAN NATURALIZATION RECORDS: LAND RECORDS
  Step 1  What Canadian Naturalization Records are available?
Step 2  Search Online Canadian Naturalization Records
Step 3  What Canadian Naturalization Records have been filmed and where do I find them?
Step 4  Search substitute records for Canadian immigration or naturalization year
Canadian Passports Canadian Census Records City Directories Canadian Land Records Canadian Oaths of Allegiance Canadian Newspapers Canadian Naturalization Records Canadian Sessional Papers Ships Passenger Lists to Canada
New on Ancestry! Irish Canadian Emigration Records, 1823-1849 This database contains various records and reports of Canadian emigration agents James Allison and A.J. Buchanan. These lists are searchable by name. The two collections in this database are:Records of James Allison, Emigrant Agent at Montreal, 1823--1849 & Emigration Agent Returns of Emigrant Orphans, 1847

Land records are very useful. The first thing settlers often did on arrival was purchase land. Finding the date of your ancestor's land purchase can provide valuable insight into arrival years.

Originally all land in Ontario belonged to the Crown. Although there were small areas of settlement in 1763 after the British took over, major settlement of Upper Canada began in 1783 and utilized Crown Grants.

Up to 1826 free land grants were available to all settlers, to government favourites, and to UEL children. In 1826 these free grants were abolished except Loyalist grants and soldiers, and anyone wanting Crown land had to buy it.

Settlers could also buy lands from the Canada Company, a private company owning all of the Huron District. These records are held at the Archives of Ontario. All land sales after the initial Crown grant were registered with local land registry offices.

CLRI

CLRI (Computerized Land Records Index) (aka Ontario Land Record Index)summarizes land grants from sales of Crown Land, from Canada Company sales or leases and from Peter Robinson settlers' grants. If your ancestor settled anywhere in Ontario and he was the first time buyer of Crown Land, he will be on these lists. I now offer a lookup service for the CLRI

Ontario Land Petitions

There were two types of land petitions:
  • pre 1827 petitions for free grants of land under the UEL and military categories
  • post 1827 petitions for purchase of Crown lands

Procedures for granting Crown Land changed constantly but could involve:

  • The settler's initial Petition to the Crown for land
  • An Order-in-Council from a federal Land Board granting their request
  • A Warrant from Ontario's Attorney General ordering the surveying of a lot
  • The Fiat from Ontario Surveyor General authorizing a grant of the surveyed lot
  • A Location Ticket permitting the settler to reside on the lot
  • The Patent transferring ownership of the lot from the Crown to the settler.

Return of all Patents for Land 1836 1478 names of patentees with some surnames missing (not found are surnames beginning with H, K, L, M, P, Q, S, T)

Abstract Indexes to Deeds

The Abstract Indexes to Deeds are the indexed record of every transaction on a plot of land since it left Crown ownership. Remember, fathers willed land to sons or to wives or daughters. Men parcelled off smaller sections of land and sold it to sons. Brothers settled near each other, or on the same land. Armed with the Abstract Indexes to Deeds you can check for every instance of your name of interest on that parcel of land. By referring to the date and Instrument Number found with each transaction, you can look up the complete record. You may find a will (Many wills are filed in the Land Records Offices) or other important document. But first you need to check the CLRI and find a land location.

Online Land Records

Search Canadian Court, Land & Probate Resources at Ancestry.com. These are fee-based, but you can use the many Free Trials available: Ancestry.com Free Trial or Ancestry.co.uk Free trial or Fold3 Free Trial

Search online Ontario Historical Atlases for Settlement years

Search online Western Land Grants (1870-1930) at NAC Covers grants issued in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and the railway belt of British Columbia

Other Resources

Alternate resources that provide immigration or naturalization years are


marker for naturalization records in Canada Ontario City Directories
marker for naturalization records in Canada Canada Land Records
marker for naturalization records in Canada Ontario Newspapers (Obits, Announcements)
marker for naturalization records in Canada Canada Sessional Papers
marker for naturalization records in Canada Canada Ships Passenger Lists

 
Did you find your ancestor in our free Naturalization & Citizenship Records? Don't leave without searching for your family origins on Olive Tree Genealogy Free Ships' Passenger lists, family surnames, church records, military muster rolls, census records, land records and much more will help you find that elusive ancestor.

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