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Search for your ancestors in free Naturalization Records in U.S.A. and Canada. Find Declarations of Intent, First Papers, Alien Registrations, Passport Applications, Naturalization Petitions and Citizenship Certificates. Search substitute naturalization records - ships passenger lists, census records, oaths of allegiance, voters registration lists and more!
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CANADIAN PASSPORTS
  Step 1  What Canadian Naturalization Records are available?
Step 2  Search Online Canadian Naturalization Records
Step 3  What Canadian Naturalization Records have been filmed and where do I find them?
Step 4  Search substitute records for Canadian immigration or naturalization year
Canadian Passports Canadian Census Records City Directories Canadian Land Records Canadian Oaths of Allegiance Canadian Newspapers Canadian Naturalization Records Canadian Sessional Papers Ships Passenger Lists to Canada
New on Ancestry! Irish Canadian Emigration Records, 1823-1849 This database contains various records and reports of Canadian emigration agents James Allison and A.J. Buchanan. These lists are searchable by name. The two collections in this database are:Records of James Allison, Emigrant Agent at Montreal, 1823--1849 & Emigration Agent Returns of Emigrant Orphans, 1847

Before 1862, Canadians could travel freely to and from the United States without passports. Travel to Europe required a British passport obtained at the Foreign Office in London. A non-British subject could still travel to the United States with a certificate of naturalization. The first Canadian passports were issued in 1862.

During the American Civil War the United States wanted more control over Canadians travelling across the border. Thus in 1862, the Governor General introduced a centralized system for issuing passport and from that date until 1912, a Canadian passport was in essence a Letter of Request signed by the Governor General.

Not many Canadian passports were issued in these early years. A passport cost $1.00 and in 1878, 50 passports were issued. In these early years, passports were issued as single-sheet certificates and stamped with the official seal. In 1915 Canada switched to the British form of passport, a ten-section single sheet folder printed in English only. Until 1947, two kinds of passports were issued in Canada, one for British-born citizens and one for naturalized citizens.

Read more about the history of Canadian passports

Canadian Border Crossings

Border Crossings from Canada to U.S. from 1895-1956 are available online. Border Crossings contain genealogy information that may not be found in passports or passport applications. Here is an example from 1911.

Genealogy information found on a Canadian Border Crossing record - name, age, occupation, parents' names and residences, physical description Example of Canadian Border Crossing

Offline Passports

The Government of Canada did not keep copies of passport applications or passports issued to individuals. Only a few samples (169) are held at Library and Archives Canada. These 169 files were issued between 1891-1920 and are searchable online at Passports at Library and Archives Canada

Other Resources

Alternate resources that provide immigration or naturalization years are

marker for naturalization records in Canada Canada Census Records
marker for naturalization records in Canada Ontario City Directories
marker for naturalization records in Canada Land Records in Canada
marker for naturalization records in Canada Ontario Newspapers (Obits, Announcements)
marker for naturalization records in Canada Canada Sessional Papers
marker for naturalization records in Canada Ships Passenger Lists to Canada

Online Passports

Passports at Library and Archives Canada Passports issued between 1891-1920. Index of names plus dates of issue

Passports held by Ontario Archives (List of names, dates plus other details)

Search General Inventory online (keyword "passport") 96 records

Search Government of Canada files online (keyword "passport) 680 records

Likacheff-Ragosine-Mathers (LI-RA-MA) Collection The Likacheff-Ragosine-Mathers collection (LI-RA-MA) contains documents created between 1898 and 1922 by the consular offices of the Russian Empire in Canada. The series on passports and identity papers is comprised of about 11,400 files on Jewish, Ukrainian and Finnish immigrants who came to Canada from the Russian Empire. The series includes passport applications and questionnaires containing general information.
 
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