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Search for your ancestors in free Naturalization Records in U.S.A. and Canada. Find Declarations of Intent, First Papers, Alien Registrations, Passport Applications, Naturalization Petitions and Citizenship Certificates. Search substitute naturalization records - ships passenger lists, census records, oaths of allegiance, voters registration lists and more!
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NATURALIZATION RECORDS IN THE USA
 

Finding an Ancestor in Naturalization Records

Find your ancestor's immigration or naturalization year. Search Passport Applications, Alien Registrations, Almshouse Records, Oaths of Allegiance, Census Records, City Directories, Land Records, Ships Passenger Lists, Newspapers or Voters Registrations
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Naturalization Records --> Naturalization Records are very important to your genealogy research. Naturalization is the process by which an alien becomes an American citizen. It is a voluntary act. Naturalization is not required.

Naturalization records can help you find the date, ship, and port of arrival, and the place of birth for your ancestor. How much information is found on them will depend on when the naturalization was done.

The naturalization process did not have to happen in one court, or in one state. Not all aliens became citizens, and not all completed the process once they started it.

Declaration of Intention

Naturalization was a two-step process that generally took a minimum of 5 years. In general, after living in the United States for 2 years, an alien could file a Declaration of Intention (also called First Papers) to become a citizen.

1929 Declaration of Intention for Vincent Joseph McGinnis 1929 Declaration of Intention for Vincent Joseph McGinnis. Naturalization Recordsicon -->

Information found on this Declaration of Intention includes: Name, age, occupation, physical description, place and date of birth, current residence, how he immigrated from Canada to USA, his ports of arrival and departure, date of immigration, marital status, name of wife, original signature

Click on image to view full-size Declaration of Intention

After 2 additional years, the alien could Petition for Naturalization. After the petition was granted, a Certificate of Citizenship was issued to the alien. See Changes in Requirements for specific time periods from 1790 to present.

To locate naturalization records, start your research at the National Archives (NARA) -->

If you want to know if first papers were ever filed, check the 1900 USA Federal census. Under the question of whether or not an individual was naturalized, you should see one of these three abbreviations regarding his status:

AL   was used to signify that the individual was still an alien and was not naturalized nor had not begun the naturalization process.

PA   was used to signify that the individual had gone through the Declaration of Intent and had filed his "first" papers.

NA   was used to signify that the individual had completed the naturalization process and was a naturalized citizen.

Need the 1900 census? Try US Census Collection Free Trial Ancestry.com Free Trial or Ancestry.co.uk Free trial or Fold3 Free Trial

You can find much more about naturalization dates for an ancestor by checking American census records for 1870, 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930

Are you looking for Naturalization Records before 1906 or Naturalization Records after 1906


Click on the state you wish to search for naturalization records

 
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